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The majority of canine terms are relatively straightforward, though as with all types of translation, there are some words which just don't have a simple direct equivalent. As an example, let's take the French term aplombs:  .

Technically, bons aplombs means that the limbs are straight and parallel when viewed from the front and back, that is they neither turn in (cagneux), nor turn out (panards), and they are not bowed (arqués). The term also means that when viewed from the side, the legs should be perpendicular with the ground, not with the rear pasterns (hocks) too angulated and tucked under (jarrets trop fermés) or having too open an angle and stretched out (jarrets trop ouverts). Quite a lengthy explanation for the simple bons aplombs!. The term has been translated as: stands true front and rear, legs parallel, good straight limbs, stands four-square, etc., and all these are correct even though none of them alone really encompasses the whole meaning of the term.  Luckily, most terms are far less complicated to translate.

The glossary below is far from complete as there are many different ways of describing the points of the dog, and all judges tend to have their own particular style and turn of phrase. I have included most of the commonly used terms, and have only now to wish you - happy translating!

Amanda McLaren

Glossary updated 5th June 2007

tête longue
long head
tête médioligne
medium length head
tête sèche
dry head
tête forte/lourde
heavy/strong in head
tête puissante
strong in head
la tête manque de finesse
the head lacks refinement
manque de parallelisme dans les lignes de tête
head planes not parallel
doit se ciseler en tête
head needs to develop more chiselling
Bonne tête proportionnée
head well balanced/well proportioned
tête au profil haut
deep in skull
stop correct
correct stop
stop modéré
moderate stop
Stop léger
slight stop
manque/absence de stop
lack/absence of stop
stop accusé
pronounced stop
stop léger
slight stop
stop long
long stop
Stop allongé
long stop (ending low on muzzle instead of being between eyes)
le museau
le chanfrein
muzzle (usually refers to the upper surface of the muzzle)
chanfrein busqué
hooked/Roman nose
chanfrein droit/plat/rectligne
straight muzzle
chanfrein/nez pincé
pinched muzzle
Le chanfrein présente un épi central
ridge on centre of muzzle
chanfrein et quasi rectiligne
muzzle almost straight
le crâne
skull (often refers to topskull)
crâne plat
flat skull
Crâne quasi plat
flattish skull
crâne basculé/le crâne bascule vers l'arrière
receeding skull
crâne/front plongeant
sloping skull/forehead
crâne bombé
domed skull
crâne/front arrondi
rounded skull/forehead
front plat
forehead flat
bon parallélisme
head planes parallel
manque de parallelisme dans les lignes de tête
head planes not parallel
la joue
joues plates
flat cheeks
joues sèches
dry in cheek
joue trop chargée
too full in cheek
la ciselure
tête bien ciselée
well chiselled head
bien ciselée sous l'oeil
well chiselled below by the eye
la tête manque de ciselure
head lacks chiselling
arcades zygomatiques
zygomatic arches
zygomatiques trop marqués
zygomatic arches too pronounced
arcades sourcilières proéminentes
pronounced brow ridges/supercialiary arches
manque de menton
lacking in chin
museau en sifflet
snipey muzzle
gueule bien fendue
mouth well split
les lèvres inférieures manquent de sécheresse
lower lips too loose
bien masqué
well masked
manque de masque
lacks mask
masque très haut
very high masked
masque dilué
diluted mask
masque bien défini/désinné
well defined mask/set mask
yeux en amande
almond eyes
yeux foncés
dark eyes
yeux noirs
black eyes
Yeux noisettes
hazel eyes
œil un peu clair
eye a little light
œil sombre
dark eye
yeux ronds
round eyes
yeux expressifs
expressive eyes
expression vive
alert expression
les yeux pourraient être plus en amande
the eyes could be more almond in shape
L'œil sombre expressif pourrait être plus en amande
Dark expressive eye which could be more almond in shape
Yeux bridés
eyes too almond and slanting
petites oreilles
small ears
oreilles moyennes
medium sized ears
grandes oreilles
large ears
oreilles serrées/haut plantées/haut placées
high set ears
oreilles écartées
wide set ears
oreilles bien portées
ears well carried/used
oreilles convergentes
converging ears
oreilles divergentes
diverging ears
oreilles profondes de conque
external ear too rounded (cupped)
oreilles longuettes
longish ears
oreilles larges à la base
ears wide at the base
les oreilles paraissent longues en raison du manque de collerette
the ears appear long due to lack of ruff
les oreilles pourraient être plus trangulaires
the ears could be more triangular in shape
l'oreille droite est légèrement convergente
right ear slightly converging
oreilles aux extémités arondies
ears rounded at the tips
oreilles au bord interne vertical
inside edge of ear vertical
oreilles pointant rarement
rarely uses his/her ears
Oreilles qui pointent difficilement
reluctant to use his/her ears
Les oreilles pourraient être plus serrées
ears could be higher set
la denture
bite - position of the teeth
la dentition
number of teeth
denture en cisailles
scissor(s) bite
denture en pince
level bite
prognathisme inférieure
undershot bite
prognathisme supérieure
overshot bite
avec légère béance entre les incisives médianes
slight loss of contact between the central incisors
denture dissymétrique
wry bite/cross-bite
plis peauciers
skin folds or wrinkles
neckline, refers to set-on and carriage of neck, and is also used in connection with length (reach) of neck
bonne sortie d'encolure
good reach of neck
enclore bien dégagée
good reach of neck
encolure un peu courte
neck a little short
manque de l'encolure
lacking in neck
longue encolure
long neck
encolure trop cambrée
set-on of neck too steep/upright (causing a sharp angle with the topline)
cou trop galbé
neck with exaggerated arch
encolure grêle
spindly neck (swan neck)
la nuque
neck (nape of neck)
garrot bien sorti/bien dessiné
accentuated withers
garrot effacé
withers not sufficiently accentuated
corps carré
square in body
in French generally refers to body shape as opposed to structure
construction courte
short in body
construction longue
long in body
construction longuet
longish body
dos ferme
firm back
dos tendu
level back
dos longuet
longish back
corps trop long
too long in body
corps long qui doit encore s'étoffer
long body which still needs to fill out
corps de longueur moyenne
body of medium length (often used to imply that it could be shorter)
ligne de dessus/dos
dos ensellé
saddle/sway/dippy back
dos voussé
roached back
corps court dont les lombes se voussent par moments
short body with topline which roaches at times
ligne de dos surmontée/surélevée
topline overbuilt at the rear
ligne de dos montante
sloping topline
corps rablé
stocky build
rein court
rein un peu long
a little long in loin
ligne de dessous
ligne de dessous bien dessinée
underline well defined
ligne de dessous trop horizontale
underline too horizontal (not sufficiently tucked up)
la ligne de dessous est trop chargée
too full in underline (usually due to excess weight)
ligne de dessous levrettée
underline too tucked up
ventre bien relevé
belly well tucked up
croupe fuyante
sloping croup
croupe en pupitre
very steep/sloping croup
la poitrine
la poitrine est bien descendue
good depth of chest/chest is well let down
poitrine insuffisament descendue
insufficient depth of chest
poitrine ample
chest well filled out/correct spring of rib
La poitrine se dessine bien pour l'âge
chest is developing well for age
La poitrine est bien développée pour son âge
chest well developed for age
La poitrine manque un peu d'hauteur et d'ampleur
chest lacks a little depth and width
La poitrine commence à descendre
chest starting to deepen
Poitrine doit encore se développer
needs to mature in chest
La poitrine doit s'amplifier avec la maturité
Chest needs to fill out with maturity
côtes plates
flat sided (lacks spring of rib)
poitrail trop large
too wide in forechest
poitrail étroite
narrow in forechest
angulation avant/antérieure
front angulation
épaule bien inclinée
shoulder well laid back
l'épaule droite
straight in shoulder
le bras
upper arm
le bras est droit
straight in upper arm
la coude
coudes décollés
loose elbows, out at elbow
coudes serrés
tied at elbow
l'avant bras
pastern joint/wrist
poignets faibles
weak pasterns
poignets bouletés
knuckes over at the wrists
front pastern
pieds de chat
cat feet
pieds longs
long feet
pieds écrasés
splayed feet
pieds tournés vers l'intérieur/cagneux
toes in
doigts écartés
toes wide spread
orteils écrasés
splayed toes
angulation arrière/postérieure
hind/rear angulation
angulation arrière droite
straight hind/rear angulation
la cuisse
upper thigh
le grasset
angles du grasset trop ouverts
too little bend of stifle (too straight in hind angulation)
angles du grasset trop fermés
over angulated stifles (excessive hind angulation)
les grassets pourraient être plus marqués
could have more bend of stifle
la jambe
lower/second thigh
jarrets de vache
cow hocks
jarrets bien descendus
hocks well let down
metatarsus/metatarsals (rear pastern)
membres arqués
bow legs
haut sur pattes
good length of leg/high in the leg
bas sur pattes
short in the leg
l'arrièe-main trop sous le chien
stand with the hindlegs tucked inwards under the body
the position of the limbs - parallel when viewed from the front and back, and perpendicular to the ground when viewed in profile
Les aplombs sont ouverts de derrière
stands wide behind
les aplombs avants sont en lyre
fiddle front
toes in
panarde des antérieurs
front feet turn out (east-west front)
panarde de l'arrière
forte ossature
heavy bone
ossature légère
fine boned
ossature en rapport avec le gabarit
bone is in keeping with the size/build of the dog
le fouet
la queue
fouet bien porté
tail well carried
fouet bien attachée
tail well set
fouet gai
gay tail
prise/attache de la queue
set-on of the tail
mauvaise attache du fouet
bad tail set
fouet planté haut
high set tail
la queue est implantée assez bas
the tail is set on rather low
queue en crochet
hooked tail
fouet devié
deviating tail
fouet sous le ventre
tail between the legs
fouet enroulé
curled tail
allures unies
smooth movement
allures couvrantes
ground covering movement
aux allures le chien couvre bien son terrain
the dog covers the ground well
allures dégaggées
free action
allures régulières
smooth gait
allures souples
supple movement
allures décousues
uncoordinated movement
allures vues de profil
coudes décollées
out at the elbow
aux allures il jette les antérieurs
throws his front feet on the move
il tricote/croise à l'avant
he crosses over in front
il billarde
he paddles
il serre à l'arrière
close behind
allures raides
stilted gait
allures relevées
hackney action
les reins se vouseent aux allures
roaches over the loin on the move
allures raccourcies
mincing gait/short of stride
l'arrière est un peu raide
stilted rear movement
allures indisciplinées
uncontrolled movement
marcher en crabe
il se méjuge
il se déjuge
la robe/la fourrure/le poil
fourrure abondante
profuse coat
en pleine fourrure
in full coat
la mue
moulting (out of coat)
fourrue en début de mue
coat starting to moult
présenté(e) hors de condition
shown out of condition
l'harmonie est desservie par l'absence de fourrure
lack of coat detracts from the harmony of the dog
fourrure ondulée
wavy coat
la charbonnure
dark overlay
il commence à se charbonner
starting to develop overlay
fauve fortement charbonné
fawn with heavy overlay
manteau noir
black mantle
poil long
long coat
poil court
short coat
poil dur
harsh/wiry coat
Laekenois A la fourrure bien rêche mais bouclée
Laekenois with a harsh but curly coat
poil lisse
smooth coat
furnishings (head furnishings of the Laekenois)
combinant puissance et élégance
combining strength with elegance
bonne substance
good substance
jeune dégingandé
gangly youngster
manque de substance
lacks substance
ne se présente pas à son avantage
does not show to advantage
a besoin de se finir
needs to mature

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