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The forequarters

The angle between the shoulder and upper arm should be about 110 degrees.

Forequarter angulation is average for dogs of these proportions. The angle should reflect the angles in the hind quarter. The length of shoulder and upper arm should be equal for a short upper arm will have a deleterious effect on both shape and movement. The highest point of the shoulder must be centrally placed in the withers and never be buried at the base of the neck.

The hindquarter

May tend to look too straight

At the hind quarter, the angle between pelvis and thigh should be approximate the same as that between the shoulder and the upper arm in the forequarter. There should be a reasonable bend of stifle but the square outline and the coat does lead to a little less angulation overall that there might be in, say a Beagle. It is one reason why inexperienced judges put up dogs that are too long – the hind angulation ‘looks’ right for the outline as they would expect in other breeds. Nevertheless, when the dog is standing naturally, the pastern should be vertical. Any suggestion of a straight line through pastern, hock, stifle and upper thigh is incorrect.

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